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Title: Waking up from the dream of reason; Rationality in the real world
Authors: Van Hezewijk, René
Keywords: adaptive thinking
decision making
evolutionary psychology
risk analysis
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: SAGE
Citation: Theory & Psychology, Vol. 14(2) pp. 261-272
Abstract: For centuries, philosophy and psychology in one way or another identified thought with logic, or logic with thought. Only in recent decades has it become clear that there is more to thought than logic. Evolutionary psychology has stressed the adaptive function of thought, as of other processes often identified as psychological. Gigerenzer et al. have worked for some years now on a program of research in which thinking is approached as an adaptive process. According to them, it is misleading to use the complexities of logic, mathematics or statistics as the standards for correct thinking or as a model for thought. On the contrary, thinking is the effective use of simple heuristics. The four volumes discussed in this review essay demonstrate that the approach can be very fruitful in many domains of human reasoning, and can be effective in practical problem solving as well, without having to fall back on the intricacies of logic, statistics, mathematics and other tools of the trade of scientific decision making.
Description: Review Essay of: Gerd Gigerenzer, Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. 344 pp. ISBN 0–19–513622–5 (hbk). Gerd Gigerenzer, Reckoning with Risk: Learning to Live with Uncertainty. London: Allen Lane/Penguin, 2002. 310 pp. ISBN 0–713–99512–2 (hbk). Gerd Gigerenzer and Reinhard Selten (Eds.), Bounded Rationality: The Adaptive Toolbox. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001. 377 pp. ISBN 0–262–07214–9 (hbk). Gerd Gigerenzer, P.M. Todd and The ABC Group, Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. 416 pp. ISBN 0–19–512156–2 (hbk)
ISSN: 0959-3543
Appears in Collections:1. PSY: publications and preprints

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