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Title: Ten Steps to Complex Learning A New Approach to Instruction and Instructional Design
Authors: Kirschner, Paul A.
Van Merriënboer, Jeroen
Keywords: Four-component instructional design (4C-ID)
Instructional design
Ten steps to complex learning
Complex cognitive skills
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: The subject of this chapter, ten steps to complex learning (van Merriënboer & Kirschner, 2007), was recently published as a practical and modified version of the four-component instructional design (4C-ID) model originally posited by van Merriënboer in 1997. These ten steps are mainly prescriptive and aim to provide a practicable version of the 4C-ID model for teachers, domain experts involved in educational and/or training design, and less experienced instructional designers. The model described will typically be used to develop educational or training programs aimed at the acquisition of complex cognitive skills (in this chapter referred to as complex learning) which can have a duration ranging from several weeks to several years.
Description: Kirschner, P. A., & Van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2008). Ten steps to complex learning: A new approach to instruction and instructional design. In T. L. Good (Ed.), 21st century education: A reference handbook (pp. 244-253). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Appears in Collections:1. LC: Publications and Preprints

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