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|Title: ||Guiding students’ online complex learning-task behavior through representational scripting|
|Authors: ||Slof, Bert|
Kirschner, Paul A.
|Keywords: ||External representations|
Computer Supported Collaborative Learning
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Abstract: ||This study investigated the effects of representational scripting on students’ collaborative performance of
a complex business-economics problem. The scripting structured the learning-task into three part-tasks,
namely (1) determining core concepts and relating them to the problem, (2) proposing multiple solutions
to the problem, and (3) coming to a final solution to the problem. Each provided representation (i.e., conceptual,
causal, or simulation) was suited for carrying out a specific part-task. It was hypothesized that
providing part-task congruent support would guide student interaction towards better learning-task performance.
Groups in four experimental conditions had to carry out the part-tasks in a predefined order,
but differed in the representation they received. In three mismatch conditions, groups only received one
of the representations and were, thus, only supported in carrying out one of the part-tasks. In the match
condition, groups received all three representations in the specified order (i.e., representational scripting).
The results indicate that groups in the match condition had more elaborated discussions about
the content of the knowledge domain (i.e., concepts, solutions and relations) and were better able to
share and to negotiate about their knowledge. As a consequence, these groups performed better on the
learning-task. However, these differences were not obtained for groups receiving only a causal representation
of the domain.|
|Description: ||Slof, B., Erkens, G., Kirschner, P. A., Jaspers, J. G. M., & Janssen, J. (2010). Guiding students’ online complex learning-task behavior through representational scripting. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(5), 927-939. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2010.02.2007|
|Appears in Collections:||1. LC: Publications and Preprints|
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