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Title: In the eyes of the beholder: How experts and novices interpret dynamic stimuli
Authors: Jarodzka, Halszka
Scheiter, Katharina
Gerjets, Peter
Van Gog, Tamara
Keywords: expertise
eye tracking
verbal reports
instructional design
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: © 2009 Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: Tasks with a complex, dynamic visual component require not only the acquisition of conceptual/procedural but also of perceptual/attentional skills. This study examined expertise differences in perceiving and interpreting complex, dynamic visual stimuli on a performance and on a process level, including perceptual and conceptual strategies. Performance, eye movement, and verbal report data were obtained from seven experts and 14 novices. Results show that experts compared to novices attend more to relevant aspects of the stimulus, use more heterogeneous task approaches, and use knowledge-based shortcuts. Implications for instructional design for the acquisition of perceptual skills are discussed.
Description: Jarodzka, H., Scheiter, K., Gerjets, P., & Van Gog, T. (2010). In the eyes of the beholder: How experts and novices interpret dynamic stimuli. Learning and Instruction, 20, 146-154. doi:10.1016/j.learninstruc.2009.02.019
Appears in Collections:1. LC: Publications and Preprints

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