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Title: Effects of peer-tutor competences on learner cognitive load and learning performance during knowledge sharing
Authors: Hsiao, Amy
Brouns, Francis
Van Bruggen, Jan
Sloep, Peter
Keywords: peer-tutor competence
content knowledge
tutoring skills
knowledge sharing
cognitive load
tutor selection
Issue Date: 2-Jul-2012
Abstract: In Learning Networks, learners need to share knowledge with others to build knowledge. In particular, when working on complex tasks, they often need to acquire extra cognitive resources from others to process a high task load. However, without support high task load and organizing knowledge sharing themselves might easily overload learners’ limited cognitive capacities because learners first have to find relevant peer tutors (i.e., those who provide help) and then maintain the social interaction. We propose to design a peer-support system that selects tutors and provides support during knowledge sharing. The pilot study reported here investigated the effects of two peer tutor competences, tutoring skills vs. content knowledge, on tutees’ (i.e., those who need help) cognitive load and learning performance. The results show that tutees supported by tutors with tutoring skills experienced lower cognitive load and had better learning performance than did tutees supported by tutors with content knowledge. This is in line with our assumption, but for confirmation we need to gather more data in a full study. We need to first use a task that requires learners to rely on others to trigger higher cognitive skills to deal with high task load. Secondly we need to find a modus to ensure that the tutors follow the instructions to apply the particular competence.
Description: Hsiao, Y. P., Brouns, F., Van Bruggen, J., & Sloep, P. B. (2012). Effects of peer-tutor competences on learner cognitive load and learning performance during knowledge sharing. In D. G. Sampson, J. M. Spector, D. Ifenthaler, & P. Isaias (Eds.), Proceedings of IADIS International Conference Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA) 2012 (pp. 265-268). October, 19-21, 2012, Madrid, Spain.
Appears in Collections:1. LN: Publications and Preprints

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