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Title: Putting students on the path to learning: The case for fully guided instruction
Authors: Clark, Richard
Kirschner, Paul A.
Sweller, John
Keywords: Direct instruction
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: American Federation of Teachers.
Abstract: Disputes about the impact of instructional guidance during teaching have been ongoing for more than a half century. On one side of this argument are those who believe that all people—novices and experts alike—learn best when provided with instruction that contains unguided or partly guided segments. This is generally defined as instruction in which learners, rather than being presented with all essential information and asked to practice using it, must discover or construct some or all of the essential information for themselves. On the other side are those who believe that ideal learning environments for experts and novices differ: while experts often thrive without much guidance, nearly everyone else thrives when provided with full, explicit instructional guidance (and should not be asked to discover any essential content or skills)
Description: Clark, R. E., Kirschner, P. A., & Sweller, J. (2012). Putting students on the path to learning: The case for fully guided instruction. American Educator, 36(1), 6-11.
ISSN: 0148-432X
Appears in Collections:1. LC: Publications and Preprints

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