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Title: Why Advice on Task Selection May Hamper Learning in On-Demand Education
Authors: Taminiau, Bettine
Kester, Liesbeth
Corbalan, Gemma
Alessi, Steve
Moxnes, Erling
Gijselaers, Wim
Kirschner, Paul A.
Van Merriënboer, Jeroen
Keywords: advice
task selection
on-demand education
Issue Date: 22-Jan-2013
Abstract: In on-demand education, learners are required to plan their own learning trajectory by selecting suitable learning tasks. A positive effect on learning is expected when learners select tasks that help them fulfil their individual learning needs. However, the selection of suitable tasks is a difficult process for learners with little domain knowledge and suboptimal task-selection skills. A common solution for helping learners deal with on-demand education and develop domain-specific skills is to give them advice on task selection. In a randomized experiment, learners (N = 30) worked on learning tasks in the domain of system dynamics and received either advice or no advice on the selection of new learning tasks. Surprisingly, the no-advice group outperformed the advice group on a post-test measuring domain-specific skills. It is concluded that giving advice on task selection prevents learners from thinking about how the process of task selection works. The advice seems to supplant rather than support their considerations why they should perform the advised task, which results in negative effects on learning. Implications for future research on giving advice in on-demand education are discussed.
Description: Taminiau, E. M. C., Kester, L., Corbalan, G., Alessi, S. M., Moxnes, E., Gijselaers, W. H., Kirschner, P. A., & Van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2013). Why advice on task selection may hamper learning in on-demand education. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 145-154. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.07.028
Appears in Collections:1. LC: Publications and Preprints

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