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|Title:||Networkeffectiveness of inter-municipal networks. A case study of network effectiveness within the Regio Twente and the Netwerkstad Twente|
|Authors:||Boer de, J.H.|
|Keywords:||network; networkeffectiveness; inter-municipal network; case study|
|Publisher:||Open Universiteit Nederland|
|Abstract:||Networkeffectiveness of inter-municipal networks A case study of network effectiveness within the Regio Twente and the Netwerkstad Twente Keywords: Network; Networkeffectiveness; Inter-municipal network; Case study Abstract As Turrini said, “since the early 1990s, public networks have been implemented in many countries to solve ‘wicked’ problems, addressing issues like health, social care, local development and education. In spite of considerable research concerning (public) networks, both managers and scholars are left with some doubts about network effectiveness. In fact literature on this topic has been highly fragmented, comprising a plurality of definitions, multiple theories, multiple methods and multiple explanations” (Turrini, 2010). In 2010, Turrini et al. reviewed and classified previous theoretical and evidence-based studies on network effectiveness and its determinants for non-intergovernmental networks. This paper claims to provide an answer to the extent of four of those determinants within ‘intergovernmental networks’. The central question of this paper is: “To what extent explain the determinants 'Cohesion and support', 'Activities and behavior’, 'Network size’ and 'Formalization' the network effectiveness of inter-municipal networks where it comes to the ability to achieve goals?” This question is answered by doing multiple, embedded case study research within two (formal) intergovernmental networks in the eastern part of The Netherlands, i.e. the inter-municipal networks “Regio Twente” and “Netwerkstad Twente”. Research was done by two types of research methods: qualitative in-depth interviews supported with a quantitative survey in fourteen municipalities. In this research two types of triangulation have been applied; ‘Triangulation by method’ and ‘Triangulation by data type’. In combination with the multiple, embedded character of this case study research, strong evidence was found that: (1.) ‘Cohesion and support’ : inter-municipal cooperation does not necessarily lead to a situation of win-win cooperation and trust, but it is not entirely clear to what extent that affects achieving the network goals. (2.) ‘Activities and conduct’: the ability of a network partner to reach commitment for the common goal (the 'mission') of the network contributes to the ability of the network to achieve goals. (2.) ‘Activities and conduct’: the ability of a network partner to change the rules of implementation of the network and the existing standards and values, perception and language of the network participants, contributes to the network in achieving its goals. (2.) ‘Activities and conduct’: the ability of a network partner to create an environment for fruitful and productive interaction contributes to the ability of the network to achieve goals. (3.) ‘Network size’: limitation of growth of network participants, sometimes contributes to the ability of the network to achieve goals, but at the same time, sometimes extending of network participants is also necessary. (3.) ‘Size’: in some cases heterogeneity of the network members positively contributes to the ability of the network to achieve goals. (4.) ‘Formalization’: the use of explicit continuous measurements contributes to the ability of the network to achieve goals, provided that those goals are concrete and measurable. The most prominent conclusion of this research is the fact that these two inter-municipal networks do not draft concrete and widely endorsed objectives. It seems that the lack of these objectives leads to a low degree of trust within the inter-municipal network participants, but this paper does not proof that fact. Even so, it seems that a network should be founded on the purpose of achieving a certain goal, instead of formulating goals in an existing network. New research is required to give more explicit answers to this type of questions.|
|Appears in Collections:||MSc Management Science|
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