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Title: Transformationeel leiderschap en duurzame inzetbaarheid van verpleegkundigen. De mediërende invloed van organisatorische rechtvaardigheid en kwaliteit van arbeid
Authors: Nijskens, E
Keywords: Sustainable labour participation
Organizational justice,
Quality of work life
Transformational leadership
Work ability,
Health care
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2014
Publisher: Open Universiteit Nederland
Abstract: Introduction: Sustainable labour participation is an important topic for nurses. Apart from the demographic changes, job demands in health care are high as well. In addition, workers in health care tend to word ‘with heart and soul’, which makes them vulnerable for extra workload and stress. Background: In the literature transformational leadership has been related to quality of work life and well-being of workers in health care organizations. Transformational leaders, in contract to transactional leaders, encourage followers to embrace moral values such as justice, equality, and the interests of the collective. Leader fairness, whether in distributive-, procedural-, or interactional justice terms, serves leadership effectiveness. Leaders who are more fair build better relationships with their followers, engender more positive attitudes and outcomes. The current study will test a mediation model on the relation between leadership style and sustainable labour participation outcomes, through increased organizational justice and quality of work life. Methodology: The study uses a cross-sectional questionnaire survey design. All measures have been administered in Dutch and the participation was voluntary. Questionnaires have been completed by eighty nine nurses working in different hospitals in The Netherlands. The mediation route from transformational leadership tot sustainable labour participation is tested by applying structural equation modelling using path analysis, with Partial Least Squares (PLS) software. Results: This study shows that a transformational leadership style increases the nurses ‘sustainable labour participation through the perception of a better interactional justice, and through higher quality of work life afterwards, as a result of this perception. In other words, the mediation route is confirmed. Conclusion, discussion and implications: Transformational leadership is considered an important factor for quality of work life and consequently nurses’ sustainable labour participation, by means of perceived interactional justice. Limitations of the study are, amongst others, the use of a mono-method design, using self-reports. In addition, data are gathered cross-sectionally, which implies we cannot be conclusive on the direction of the path model. Based on these results recommendations are given for managerial practice in terms of leadership and HRM practices, aimed at improving nurses’ quality of work life and sustainable labour participation. In addition, implications for further research are discussed.
Appears in Collections:MSc Management Science

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