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Title: Third graders’ verbal reports of multiplication strategy use: How valid are they?
Authors: Reed, Helen
Stevenson, Claire
Brouns-Paffen, Marije
Kirschner, Paul A.
Jolles, Jelle
Keywords: Verbal reports
Multiplication strategies
Multiplication performance
Problem characteristics
Cognitive characteristics
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Reed, H. C., Stevenson, C., Broens-Paffen, M., Kirschner, P. A. & Jolles, J. (2015). Third graders’ verbal reports of multiplication strategy use: How valid are they? Learning and Individual Differences, 37, 107-117. doi: 10.1016/j.lindif.2014.11.010
Abstract: This study investigates whether children’s verbal reports accurately represent their thinking processes when solving simple multiplication problems. A total of 106 third graders in Dutch mainstream primary schools solved simple multiplication problems and retrospectively reported how they had done this. The degree to which verbal reports predict children’s problem-solving performance in ways that correspond to known patterns of response latency, accuracy, errors and strategy choice was assessed. The analyses took account of relevant problem characteristics and child cognitive characteristics (i.e., math ability, verbal ability, phonological decoding speed) known to affect the relation between strategy use and multiplication performance. The verbal reports were largely consistent with known patterns, supporting the use of verbal reports in assessing multiplication strategy use. Moreover, verbal reports provide valuable information that can alert teachers and educational researchers to specific issues that students face when solving simple multiplication problems. Considerations for soliciting reliable verbal reports are suggested.
Appears in Collections:1. FEEEL Publications, books and conference papers

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