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Title: De grijze golf in de arbeidsmarkt In hoeverre zijn proactiviteit en stereotypering van oudere werknemers van invloed op duurzame inzetbaarheid?
Authors: Sierdal
Keywords: Keywords: proactivity, age, stereotype, sustainable labour participation
Issue Date: 20-May-2015
Publisher: Open Universiteit Nederland
Abstract: Greying Labour; to what extent do proactivity and stereotyping of older workers explain sustainable labour participation? Abstract Keywords: proactivity, age, stereotype, sustainable labour participation Introduction: The workforce is increasingly aging. This study puts focus on the role of proactivity of employees, and the amount of stereotyping towards especially older workers for the sustainable labour participation of employees in a Dutch non-profit working context. The study aims to test to what extent proactivity, age, and stereotyping of older workers interact in their influence on three aspects of sustainable labour participation; vitality, workability and employability. Theoretical background: Literature indicates that proactivity is important for the creativity and innovation of both the individual and the organization. The Self Determination Theory can explain why proactive personalities experience more career success, career development and work satisfaction. Age is not related to the aspect vitality, but negatively related to the aspects workability and employability, the latter merely because of age stereotyping. Hypotheses build up to how these concepts interact with each other and age. Methodology: A quantitative survey in Dutch was held at a large government institution, operational at two locations in the Netherlands. The three aspects of sustainable labour participation are measured by the UBES for vitality, the short version of the WAI for workability and the 3-item scale of Verboon et al. (1999) for employability. Proactivity and stereotyping are measured with validated scales as well. Results: Regression analyses reveals proactivity to explain vitality and employability. Next to this, age appears to be negatively related to workability and employability. The effects of age stereotyping contribute (positively) to vitality and workability. For the interactional hypotheses, it turned out that proactivity interacts with age stereotyping on vitality only. Conclusion and discussion: Proactivity and age appear to be important factors for sustainable labour participation. Age stereotyping plays a role of importance as well, although the effects are counter-intuitive. Based on the results some recommendations are given for further research, also taking limitations of the study into account. Recommendations for practice refer to how organizations can help employees increase their proactivity and be aware of age stereotypes.
Appears in Collections:MSc Management Science

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