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Title: Eurometropool Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai, praatbarak of…? Onderzoek naar de oorsprong en de werking
Authors: Wark
Keywords: Eurometropolis, origin, foundation discours, assessment of network performance
Issue Date: 26-Jan-2015
Publisher: Open Universiteit Nederland
Abstract: Abstract The subject of this thesis concerns the origin and the performance of the Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai Eurometropolis, which started in 2008. The organization is here defined as an intergovernmental crossborder political network. The network consists of 14 partners, who together have in principle all the competences to prevent undesired developments and to put forward desired developments. The problem however is that the stakeholders, like France and Belgium, but also the others, have at home more interests to serve. So the presidency needs frequent and intensive discussions when it wants to arrange plans and realize them. The question is whether the Eurometropolis is a chatterbox or something more. To learn more about an organization one has to go back to its origins, as Aristotle said. Johan Olsen, who followed 50 years of European regional democratic experiments, saw some constants in political tensions, for instance centralization versus decentralisation. Indeed some of them played a key role in the founding history of the Eurometropolis. He also introduced the concept of “genetic soup”, meaning that those experiments have roots in the past. In searching for the origin of the Eurometropolis such historical arguments are not encountered. Australian Iona Annett presented a concept theory, based on her observations of 50 years of European institutional developments. She saw a foundation discours in fases resulting in an organization for regional political integration. Such a discours however can only start when leading actors are triggered by a dramatic context. There are good reasons to believe that the Eurometropolis finds its origin in the difficult socio-economic situation caused by the decline of the colemines and the related industries in the North of France. Decentralisation and combining the governmental forces in the region was the mission for Pierre Mauroy. His goal was to create an economic structure with many jobs like the agglomeration of Paris. In the perspective of Europe without borders Lille could be a crossingpoint of highspeed lines between Paris, London and Brussels. To get to a real metropole that can compete on the European level it needed to cross the border. This was interesting for the Belgian networks along the border who where the first to join the process. To make an assessment of the performance of the Eurometropolis a framework, published by Voets et al, was helpful. It is composed by dimensions and criteria to use for a simple policy network. The Eurometropole is more complex but nevertheless it was possible to conclude that its legitimity can be improved. This asks the stakeholders to introduce a bordercrossing region with direct voting of candidates. Such an operation supports a real polical discours about the future of the region of the Eurometropolis. Keywords
Appears in Collections:MSc Management Science

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