Open Universiteit

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Young and middle-aged schoolteachers differ in the neural correlates of memory encoding and cognitive fatigue: a functional MRI study
Authors: Klaassen, Elissa
Plukaard, Sarah
Evers, Elisabeth
De Groot, Renate
Backes, Walter
Veltman, Dick
Jolles, Jelle
Keywords: episodic memory
mental fatigue
middle age
Issue Date: 7-Apr-2016
Publisher: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Citation: Klaassen, E. B., Plukaard, S., Evers, E. A. T., De Groot, R. H. M., Backes, W. H., Veltman, D. J., & Jolles, J. (2016). Young and Middle-Aged Schoolteachers Differ in the Neural Correlates of Memory Encoding and Cognitive Fatigue: A Functional MRI Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10(148). doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00148
Abstract: This investigation was inspired by growing evidence that middle-aged persons in a cognitively demanding profession might be characterized by subtle cognitive fatigue. We studied young and middle-aged male schoolteachers. They were compared in a study with functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate differences during successful memory encoding. The schoolteachers were additionally subjected to an induced fatigue condition involving the sustained performance of cognitively demanding tasks and to a control condition. Results showed age-related brain activation differences underlying behavioral performance including: (1) greater activation in middle-aged vs. young teachers in bilateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) areas; and (2) differential fatigue effects in the left anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) depending on age group. Middle-aged schoolteachers showed decreased ACC activation in the fatigue compared to the control condition, whereas no change in activation was found in young teachers. Findings demonstrate age effects in these middle-aged subjects that are typically found in older adults, specifically in PFC over-activation. Findings also indicate that already in middle age cognitive aging may be associated with greater resource depletion following sustained task performance. The findings underscore the notion that persons in a cognitively demanding profession can experience subtle age effects, which are evident on fMRI and which impact daily functioning. Possible practical implications for middle-aged schoolteachers are discussed.
Appears in Collections:1. FEEEL Publications, books and conference papers

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
fnhum-10-00148.pdf572.22 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons