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|Title:||Optimal Scaffolding Methods for Students with Emotional and Behavioural Disorders|
|Other Titles:||Optimale Scaffoldingmethodes voor Kinderen uit het Speciaal Onderwijs|
special needs education
|Publisher:||Open Universiteit Nederland|
|Abstract:||Optimal assistance of an adult, adapted to the current level of understanding of the student (scaffolding), can help students with emotional and behavioural problems (EBD) to demonstrate a similar level of understanding on scientific tasks, compared to students from regular education (Van Der Steen, Steenbeek, Wielinski & Van Geert, 2012). In the present study the optimal scaffolding techniques for EBD students were investigated, as well as how these differ from scaffolding techniques used for regular students. A researcher visited five EBD students and five regular students (aged three to six years old) three times in a 1,5 years period. Student and researcher worked together on scientific tasks about gravity and air pressure, while the researcher asked questions. An adaptive protocol was used, so that all children were asked the same basic questions about the mechanisms of the task. Beside this, the researcher was also allowed to ask follow-up questions and use scaffolding methods when these seemed necessary. We found a bigger amount of scaffolding in the group of EBD students compared to the regular students. The scaffolding techniques that were used also differed between the two groups. For EBD students, we saw more scaffolding strategies focused on keeping the student committed to the task, and less strategies aimed at the relationship between the child and the researcher. Furthermore, in the group of regular students we saw a decreasing trend in the amount of scaffolding over the course of three visits. This trend was not visible for the EBD students. These results highlight the importance for using different scaffolding strategies when working with EBD students compared to regular students. Future research can give a clearer image of the differences in scaffolding needs between these two groups.|
|Appears in Collections:||MSc Psychology|
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