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Title: Mindfulness: Why (Not)? Explaining Variations in Mindfulness Levels
Authors: Suelman, Han
Keywords: mindfulness
experiential avoidance
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Open Universiteit Nederland
Abstract: Despite the apparent benefits of being mindful, people are often not very mindful. There seem to be forces that drive people toward as well as away from mindfulness. These forces are conceptualised in terms of a competition for scarce attentional capacity. To explore these forces and to test this framework, an experience sampling study among people with an explicit intention to be mindful and an ongoing practice to that end (29 participants, 1012 measurements) was done to examine the antecedents of mindfulness in their daily lives. The results generally support the framework. People tend to be more mindful if the intention to be mindful is salient, and if they feel good. They tend to be less mindful when they are in a hurry, experiencing threat, tired, or very busy. A conscious intention to be mindful seems to be very important, and its development may be a key ingredient in the development of mindfulness.
Appears in Collections:MSc Psychology

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