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Title: PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training
Authors: De Groot, Renate
Ramakers, Bob
Savelberg, Hans
Chin A Paw, Mai
Singh, Amika
Gijselaers, Jérôme
Keywords: PHIT2LEARN
Physical activity
Executive function
Cognitive control
Vocational education and training
Study performance
Sedentary behavior
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2017
Citation: De Groot, R., Ramakers, B., Savelberg, H., Chin A Paw, M., Singh, A., & Gijselaers, J. (2017, June). PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training. Poster presentation at the sixteenth annual meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Victoria, Canada.
Abstract: Purpose: Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) seem to have respectively beneficial and detrimental effects on school performance, but evidence for a causal relationship in vocational education and training (VET) students is lacking. This is surprising, as VET students (±16-20 years) stand to benefit because the prefrontal cortex is developing during this age and is therefore sensitive to PA/SB interventions. Furthermore, students in VET have low activity levels in general, meaning enhanced PA/SB behavior could lead to improvement on cognition and learning. The goal of this project is investigating causal effects of PA/SB interventions on a variety of learning performance measures in VET students. Depending on the kind of intervention and the potential mechanisms underlying acute, short-term, or long-term effects, outcome measures vary from specific effects on cognition, to more general effects on school performance, and vital citizenship/employeeship. Methods: In four closely interlinked studies we investigate the causal effects of ‘sedentary behavior repression interventions’ on cognition, school performance, and 21st century skills in VET students. Study 1 (observational) elucidates habitual, objectively measured PA patterns of VET students and their potential association with cognitive performance, school performance, and proxies of vital citizenship and employeeship. Studies 2 and 3 (fundamental) investigate acute interventions in randomized controlled experiments in school settings, controlling for study discipline (physically active versus sedentary disciplines) to determine possible causal effects of PA/SB interventions on cognitive performance and proxies of vital citizenship and employeeship and their underlying mechanisms. Study 4 (ecological experiment) is a long-term intervention developed for the VET setting based on results from the first three studies and literature. Cognition is tested by the Stroop Test, Symbol Digit Modalities Test, and N-back task. School performance is operationalized as scores on Dutch and mathematics; absenteeism/dropout; and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. Vital employeeship/citizenship is measured as collaboration and creativity (GAU, divergent thinking). Where applicable habitual daily activity is measured by accelerometry. Results/Conclusions: Besides scientific output, we deliver tailor-made PA/SB advice and programs for VET students and teachers, taking into account their interests, needs, and possibilities. Furthermore, PHIT2LEARN produces educative materials for students, parents, and teachers.
Appears in Collections:2. FEEEL Presentations at conferences and events

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