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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/8923
Title: It might happen in the very beginning. Reply to Ericsson (2014).
Authors: De Bruin, Anique
Kok, Ellen
Leppink, Jimmie
Camp, Gino
Keywords: chess
intelligence
motivation
deliberate practice
expertise development
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: De Bruin, A. B. H., Kok, E. M., Leppink, J., & Camp, G. (2014). It might happen in the very beginning. Reply to Ericsson. Intelligence, 45, 107-108.
Abstract: In his response to criticisms Ericsson argues that conclusions about expertise development cannot be drawn from studies in the general population, and that it is possible that, in chess, intelligence and expertise are uniformly related across development. We respond here that if we want to study the development of expertise across the lifespan, research needs to take into account samples from the general population, such as novices. Moreover, studies in the general population are needed to study a factor that might have troubled previous research in the field and therefore might have implications for current theories of expertise development, which is a possible restriction of range in crucial variables such as intelligence. We argue for a longitudinal, multifaceted approach to study expertise development, starting with unselected samples of novices and taking into account practice, intelligence and motivation simultaneously, to prevent restriction of range and allow for further and stronger conclusions on the relation between intelligence and chess expertise.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/8923
Appears in Collections:1. T2 Publications, books and conference papers

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