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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/8929
Title: Why wait if you can switch? A short term testing effect in cross-language recognition.
Authors: Verkoeijen, Peter
Bouwmeester, Samantha
Camp, Gino
Keywords: testing effect
retrieval practice
yes/no recognition
memory
bilingualism
word recognition
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Verkoeijen, P.P.J.L., Bouwmeester, S., & Camp, G. (2012). Why wait if you can switch? A short term testing effect in cross-language recognition. Psychological Science, 23(6), 567-571.
Abstract: Taking a memory test after an initial study phase produces better long-term retention than restudying the items, a phenomenon known as the testing effect. We propose that this effect emerges because testing strengthens semantic features of items’ memory traces, whereas restudying strengthens surface features of items’ memory traces. This novel account predicts that a testing effect should be observed even after a short retention interval when a language switch occurs between the learning phase and the final test phase. We assessed this prediction with Dutch-English bilinguals who learned Dutch Deese-Roediger-McDermott word lists through restudying or through testing (retrieval practice). Five minutes after this learning phase, they took a recognition test in Dutch (within-language condition) or in English (across-language condition). We observed a testing effect in the across-language condition, but not in the within-language condition. These findings corroborate our novel account of the testing effect.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/8929
Appears in Collections:1. T2 Publications, books and conference papers

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