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Title: Identification of effective visual problem solving strategies in a complex visual domain
Authors: Van Meeuwen, Ludo
Jarodzka, Halszka
Brand-Gruwel, Saskia
Kirschner, Paul A.
De Bock, Jeano
Van Merriënboer, Jeroen
Keywords: visual problem solving strategies
decision making
eye movements
air traffic controllers
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Van Meeuwen, L. W., Jarodzka, H., Brand-Gruwel, S., Kirschner, P. A., De Bock, J. J. P. R., & Van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2014). Identification of effective visual problem solving strategies in a complex visual domain. Learning and Instruction, 32, 10-21
Abstract: Students in complex visual domains must acquire visual problem solving strategies that allow them to make fast decisions and come up with good solutions to real-time problems. In this study, 31 air traffic controllers at different levels of expertise (novice, intermediate, expert) were confronted with 9 problem situations depicted on a radar screen. Participants were asked to provide the optimal order of arrival of all depicted aircrafts. Eye-movements, time-on-task, perceived mental effort, and task performance were recorded. Eye-tracking data revealed that novices use inefficient means-end visual problem solving strategies in which they primarily focus on the destination of aircraft. Higher levels of expertise yield visual problem solving strategies characterized by more efficient retrieval of relevant information and more efficient scan paths. Furthermore, experts’ solutions were more similar than intermediates’ solutions and intermediates’ solutions were more similar than novices’ solutions. Performance measures showed that experts and intermediates reached better solutions than novices, and that experts were faster and invested less mental effort than intermediates and novices. These findings may help creating eye-movement modeling examples for the teaching of visual problem solving strategies in complex visual domains.
Appears in Collections:1. FEEEL Publications, books and conference papers

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