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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/9020
Title: Dealing with conflicting information from multiple nonlinear texts: Effects of prior attitudes
Authors: Van Strien, Johan
Brand-Gruwel, Saskia
Boshuizen, Els
Keywords: Conflicting information
Multiple texts
Nonlinear text
Prior attitudes
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Van Strien, J. L. H., Brand-Gruwel, S., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2014). Dealing with conflicting information from multiple nonlinear texts: Effects of prior attitudes. Computers in Human Behavior, 32, 101-111.
Abstract: This study investigated the effects of prior attitudes on how students deal with conflicting information in multiple nonlinear texts. Sixty-one Dutch 11th grade students read multiple texts on a controversial topic and wrote a short essay on it. These essays were scored on perspective taken and the origin of information included in them. Ordinal regression analysis showed that students with strong prior attitudes were significantly more likely to write essays that were biased towards their prior attitudes. Furthermore, multiple regression analyses revealed that students with strong attitudes took explicit stances and added large proportions of information not presented in the reading materials in their essays, whereas students with neutral attitudes wrote syntheses and borrowed more information from the materials. Overall, results show that prior attitudes can bias how students deal with conflicting information in an open-ended reading and writing task.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/9020
Appears in Collections:1. FEEEL Publications, books and conference papers

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