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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/907

Title: Information problem solving by experts and novices: Analysis of a complex cognitive skill.
Authors: Brand-Gruwel, Saskia
Wopereis, Iwan
Vermetten, Yvonne
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Brand-Gruwel, S., Wopereis, I. G. J. H., & Vermetten, Y. (2005). Information problem solving by experts and novices: Analysis of a complex cognitive skill. Computers in Human Behavior, 21, 487-508
Abstract: In (higher) education students are often faced with information problems: tasks or assignments that require them to identify information needs, locate corresponding information sources, extract and organize relevant information from each source, and synthesize information from a variety of sources. It is often assumed that students master this complex cognitive skill of information problem solving all by themselves. In our point of view, however, explicit and intensive instruction is necessary. A skill decomposition is needed in order to design instruction that fosters the development of information problem solving. This research analyzes the information problem solving process of novices and experts in order to reach a detailed skill decomposition. Results reveal that experts spend more time on the main skill ‘define problem’ and more often activate their prior knowledge, elaborate on the content, and regulate their process. Furthermore, experts and novices show little differences in the way they search the Internet. These findings formed the basis for formulating instructional guidelines.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/907
Appears in Collections:1. LC: Publications and Preprints

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